Scientific name: Entadrophagma utile Sprague

Geographic origin: Africa


  • Sapwood: pink white.
  • Heartwood: reddish brown with light purple shades.
  • Fiber: Straight, Slightly intertwined fibers are very frequent.
  • Grain: Thin to medium size

Capacity of being impregnated

  • Sapwood: Medium capacity of being impregnated
  • Heartwood: No capable of being impregnated


  • Sawing process: No difficulties.
  • Drying process: Speed can vary from medium to high speed. Little risk of deformation and crack formation.
  • Planing process: No difficulties appart from risk of repelling produced by the intertwined fibers.
  • Gluing process: No difficulties.
  • Nailing and screwing process: No difficulties.
  • Finish: No difficulties

Physical properties

  • Apparent density at 12% humidity 610 kg/m3 semi-heavy wood
  • Dimensional stability
  • - Volumetric contraction coefficient 0.40 % stable wood.
  • - Relation between contractions 1.45% no tendency to deformity
  • Hardness (Chaláis-Meudon) 3.7 semi-hardwood

Mechanical properties

  • Resistance to static flexion 1,150 kg/cm2 &;8226; Elasticity module 110,000 kg/cm2
  • Resistance to compression 550 kg/cm2
  • Resistance to parallel traction 1,050 kg/cm2


  • The name Utile is no longer used. Notwithstanding, in certain areas of Spain is called Abebay