Scots pine

Scientific name: Pinus sylvestris L.

Other names: English: Scots pine, Valsain pine; Red pine

Geographic origin: Asia and Europe.


Sapwood: Light yellow
Heartwood: Reddish colour
Fiber: Straight
Grain: from medium size to small size
Characteristic defects: quite frequent lively small to large knots. Small resin bags.

Scots pine


Country and young style interior furniture.
Hollow carpentry and paneling, interior and semiexterior: Doors, windows, platform, friezes.
Carpentry, interior and semiexterior.
Laminated wood.
Decorative panels and plywood board
Auxiliary construction (props, wood casings)

Capacity of being impregnated

Sapwood: Capable of being impregnated.
Heartwood: Low capacity to no capacity of being impregnated.


Sawing process: Easy and with no difficulties.
Drying process: Easy and fast. Low risk of deformation and crack formation.
Planing process: Easy.
Gluing process: Easy.
Nailing and screwing process: Easy.
Finish: Easy

Physical properties

Apparent density at 12% humidity 500 - 540 kg/m3 semi-light wood
Dimensional stability
- Volumetric contraction coefficient 0.38 % stable wood
- Relation between contractions 1.81% medium tendency to deformity
Hardness (Chaláis-Meudon) 1.9 Softwood to semi-softwood

Scots pine

Mechanical properties

Resistance to static flexion 1,057 kg/cm2 &;8226; Elasticity module 94,000 kg/cm2
Resistance to compression 406 kg/cm2
Resistance to parallel traction 1,020 kg/cm2

Scots pine


Slow-growth wood
It is known as ''Flanders'' in certain areas of Spain.