Scots pine

Scientific name: Pinus sylvestris L.

Geographic origin: Asia and Europe.

Description

  • Sapwood: Light yellow
  • Heartwood: Reddish colour
  • Fiber: Straight
  • Grain: from medium size to small size
  • Characteristic defects: quite frequent lively small to large knots. Small resin bags.

Capacity of being impregnated

  • Sapwood: Capable of being impregnated.
  • Heartwood: Low capacity to no capacity of being impregnated.

Mechanization

  • Sawing process: Easy and with no difficulties.
  • Drying process: Easy and fast. Low risk of deformation and crack formation.
  • Planing process: Easy.
  • Gluing process: Easy.
  • Nailing and screwing process: Easy.
  • Finish: Easy

Physical properties

  • Apparent density at 12% humidity 500 - 540 kg/m3 semi-light wood
  • Dimensional stability
  • - Volumetric contraction coefficient 0.38 % stable wood
  • - Relation between contractions 1.81% medium tendency to deformity
  • Hardness (Chaláis-Meudon) 1.9 Softwood to semi-softwood

Scots pine

Mechanical properties

  • Resistance to static flexion 1,057 kg/cm2 &;8226; Elasticity module 94,000 kg/cm2
  • Resistance to compression 406 kg/cm2
  • Resistance to parallel traction 1,020 kg/cm2

Scots pine

Observations

  • Slow-growth wood
  • It is known as ''Flanders'' in certain areas of Spain.