Scientific name: Entadrophagma cylindricum Sprague

Geographic origin: Africa


  • Sapwood: Pink white to pink grey.
  • Heartwood: pink at the time of sawing and reddish grey with purpule shades with the lights effects.
  • Fiber: Straight. Slightly intertwined fibers are very frequent.
  • Grain: Thin to medium size

Capacity of being impregnated

  • Sapwood: Medium capacity of being impregnated
  • Heartwood: Low capacity of being impregnated


  • Sawing process: No difficulties.
  • Drying process: Medium to low speed. Little risk of deformation and crack formation.
  • Planing process: No difficulties appart from risk of repelling produced by the intertwined fiber. Good bending.
  • Gluing process: No difficulties.
  • Nailing and screwing process: No difficulties.
  • Finish: No difficulties

Physical properties

  • Apparent density at 12% humidity 680 kg/m3 semi-heavy wood
  • Dimensional stability
  • - Volumetric contraction coefficient 0.43 % varies from very stable wood to lightly nervous wood.
  • - Relation between contractions 1.55% no tendency to deformity
  • Hardness (Chaláis-Meudon) 3.9 semi-hardwood

Mechanical properties

  • Resistance to static flexion 1,150 kg/cm2 &;8226; Elasticity module 120,000 kg/cm2
  • Resistance to compression 590 kg/cm2
  • Resistance to parallel traction 860 kg/cm2


  • In the ATIBT book it appears with Latin I although in Spain it is used usually the Y
  • Also called Abbay
  • it is an alternative to Mahogany wood, being the Sapelly finer and denser. At the time, it superseded Embero wood in its use within the sector of the doors and trim. It is currently one of the most commercialized species since its price is moderate, largely due to the relative abundance of supply in the market.