Scientific name: Heritiera utilis Kosterm; H. densiflora Kosterm

Other names: English: Niangon

Geographic origin: West Africa and Central Africa


&;8226; Sapwood: greyish bown
&;8226; Heartwood: varies from reddish brown to pink brown.
&;8226; Fiber: Straight, generally slightly intertwined
&;8226; Grain: medium size to rough



&;8226; Interior and semiexterior furniture and cabinet work.
&;8226; Interior carpentry, doors, paneling, molding, baseboad, friezes.
&;8226; Decorative panels and plywood board
&;8226; Containers for chemical products


Capacity of being impregnated

&;8226; Sapwood: Low capacity of being impregnated
&;8226; Heartwood: No capable of being impregnated


&;8226; Sawing process: Easy, except in those cases of oil presence that can cause allergies.
&;8226; Drying process: Speed can vary from medium to high speed. Low to medium risks of deformation and crack formation.
&;8226; Planing process: Difficulties arise from risk of repelling due to frequently intertwined fibers.
&;8226; Gluing process: No difficulties.
&;8226; Nailing and screwing process: No difficulties.
&;8226; Finish: No difficulties, except in those cases of oil stain existance, that must be eliminated with a solvent.

Physical properties

&;8226; Apparent density at 12% humidity 680 kg/m3 semi-heavy wood
&;8226; Dimensional stability
- Volumetric contraction coefficient 0.47 % nervous wood
- Relation between contractions 2.2 con bastante tendency to deformity
&;8226; Hardness (Chaláis-Meudon) 3.1 semi-hardwood


Mechanical properties

&;8226; Resistance to static flexion 1,150 kg/cm2 &;8226; Elasticity module 105,000 kg/cm2
&;8226; Resistance to compression 550 kg/cm2


They are usually small diameter twisted trunks and so it is very difficult to obtain wide and long Goods.