Scientific name: Swietenia macrophylla King.
Other names: English: Mahogany
Geographic origin: Central America, tropical region of south America and the Caribbean.
This sort of wood is included in the CITES list of endangered species.
&;8226; Sapwood: yellowish white.
&;8226; Heartwood: pink brown to light red that darkens with the light effects.
&;8226; Fiber: straight slightly intertwined.
&;8226; Grain: thin to medium size.
&;8226; Furniture, interior and exterior cabinet work. Bent, turned and carved furniture.
&;8226; Interior carpentry, paneling, molding, baseboards, friezes.
&;8226; Exterior carpentry: windows and doors.
&;8226; Decorative panels and plywood board.
&;8226; Naval construction.
&;8226; Sapwood: medium to low capacity of being impregnated.
&;8226; Heartwood: no capable of being impregnated.
&;8226; Sawing process: easy and with no difficulties.
&;8226; Drying process: easy and fast. Little risk of deformation.
&;8226; Planing process: no difficulties.
&;8226; Gluing process: no difficulties.
&;8226; Nailing and screwing process: easy.
&;8226; Finish: no difficulties, except in case of polyester varnishes use where certain difficulties can arise.
&;8226; Apparent density at 12% humidity 570 kg/m3 semi-light.
&;8226; Dimensional stability
- Volumetric contraction coefficient 0.22 % extraordinarily stable wood.
- Relation between contractions 1.42% no tendency to deformity.
&;8226; Hardness (Chaláis-Meudon) 2.7 semi-softwood .
&;8226; Resistance to static flexion 830 kg/cm2.
&;8226; Elasticity module 89,000 kg/cm2.
&;8226; Resistance to compression 450 kg/cm2.
Very important: It is a species protected by the CITES agreement. It is contained in the Annex II. Thus, a permission for exportation or a re-exportation certificate is required. There are different requirements for its marketing, depending on its origin and the subspecie it belongs to.
Check the CITES agreement.