Scientific name: Fagus sylvatica L.

Geographic origin: Europe.


  • Sapwood and heartwood vary from orange white to light pink.
  • Fiber: straight.
  • Grain: thin.
  • Characteristic defects: growth tensions. False red core due to chromogenous attacks.

Capacity of being impregnated

  • Capable of being impregnated.


  • Sawing process: easy, risk of deformation.
  • Drying process: difficult and slow. Risk of crack formation.
  • Planing process: easy. It can be easily bent, turned and carved.
  • Gluing process: easy.
  • Nailing and screwing process: no difficulties.
  • Finish: easy, it dyes properly .

Physical properties

  • Apparent density at 12% humidity 730 kg/m3 heavy wood.
  • Dimensional stability
  • - Volumetric contraction coefficient 0.51 % nervous wood.
  • - Relation between contractions 2.05% with tendency to deformity.
  • Hardness (Chaláis-Meudon) 4.0 semi-hardwood.

Mechanical properties

  • Resistance to static flexion 1100 kg/cm2.
  • Elasticity module 145,000 kg/cm2.
  • Resistance to compression 580 kg/cm2.
  • Resistance to parallel traction 1200 kg/cm2.


  • The central part of the trunk can have a brown or reddish colour.
  • It can also be found in north America where the wood has a high number of knots.
  • It tends to be light vaporized wood and its colour is light pink. It is also called NATUR wood as it gets uniform shades.